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Obesity and Bariatric Surgery
trivalent chromium, chromium picolinate
Chromium is an essential trace metal. It helps control your blood sugar. It also helps insulin work well. You also need it to break down and store carbohydrates, fat, and protein.
Chromium deficiency is rare in people. Studies of using chromium to treat blood sugar and type 2 diabetes don't have definite results. Research is ongoing.
Chromium is measured in micrograms (mcg). Listed below are the adequate intake (AI) levels for chromium.
Infants (0 to 6 months)
Infants (7 to 12 months)
Children (1 to 3 years)
Children (4 to 8 years)
Children (9 to 13 years)
males 25 mcg, females 21 mcg
Adolescents (14 to 18 years)
males 35 mcg, females 24 mcg
Adults (19 to 50 years)
males 35 mcg, females 25 mcg
Adults (50+ years)
males 30 mcg, females 20 mcg
The amount of chromium in your body declines with age.
When you take it by mouth, chromium is not absorbed well. Many chromium products are chelated. This means that the chromium binds to another chemical that helps it absorb.
The National Institutes of Health says the dietary intake of chromium can't be determined. This is due to agricultural and manufacturing processes. Below are approximate amounts of chromium in some foods.
Broccoli, 1/2 cup
Grape juice, 1 cup
English muffin, whole wheat, 1
Potatoes, mashed, 1 cup
Garlic, dried, 1 teaspoon
Basil, dried, 1 tablespoon
Beef cubes, 3 oz.
Orange juice, 1 cup
Turkey breast, 3 oz.
Whole wheat bread, 2 slices
Red wine, 5 oz.
Apple, unpeeled, 1 medium
Banana, 1 medium
Green beans, 1/2 cup
A high intake of chromium in your diet doesn’t cause serious side effects. But you should check with a healthcare provider before taking it. This is vital if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.
If you have diabetes, chromium supplements could change how much medicine you need. They may also lower your blood sugar levels. Check your blood sugar levels closely if you start taking them.
Chromium supplements may interact with other medicines. Zinc may decrease how well you absorb chromium. Chromium may cause you to need less of your diabetes medicines.
These may reduce chromium levels:
Proton pump inhibitors
These may increase chromium levels:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
These can help your body absorb chromium:
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